surging journalist Wang Can
The EU Supreme Court has followed the Italian farmers to support the cultivation of genetically modified maize. According to Reuters, the European Court of Justice (The European Court of Justice, ECJ) local time on September 13, said that there is no evidence that genetically modified crops on health and environmental risk of the case , It is wrong for Italy to ban farmers from planting GM ma MON810. MON810 is the United States Monsanto research and development of insect-resistant genetically modified corn, is currently allowed in the EU can be commercialized only one genetically modified crops.
Transgenic corn MON810 can be used as food and feed or additive, can also be planted in the field. At the time of the decision, the Commission referred to the views of scientists. Scientists say there is no evidence that the product will adversely affect human health or the environment. In 2013, the Italian government, based on scientific research conducted by two Italian research institutions, asked the European Commission to take urgent measures to ban the cultivation of GM maize MON810. However, the European Commission, according to the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) issued a scientific opinion that there is no reason to do so, because the new scientific evidence can not be overturned previously on the GM maize MON810 safety conclusions. Nevertheless, the Italian government has adopted a ministerial decree prohibiting the cultivation of GM maize MON810 in Italy. In 2014, Italian farmer Giorgio Fidenato and others planted GM8 MONK in Italian, and thus violated the Italian Ministerial Decree and was indicted.
In the criminal proceedings against these people, the Italian district of Udine asked the Supreme Court of the European Union, in particular whether it was related to food and whether emergency measures could be taken on the basis of preventive principles. In accordance with the precautionary principle, Member States may take urgent measures to avoid the immediate or perceived risk of human health due to scientific uncertainty.
The EU court noted that the EU Food Law and the EU legislation on genetically modified foods and feedstuffs are designed to ensure a high degree of protection of human health and consumer interests while ensuring the effective functioning of the internal market in which safe and healthy food And the free flow of feed is essential.
In this regard, the EU Court held that the European Commission and Member States were unable to take urgent measures if there was no evidence that genetically modified products were likely to pose a serious risk to human health, animal health or the environment, such as the ban on the cultivation of genetically modified maize MON 810.
The European Court of Justice emphasizes that these measures are taken in accordance with the precautionary principle, provided that there is a risk due to scientific uncertainty. While this principle may justify the use of temporary risk management measures in the general food sector, it is not permissible to modify or ignore provisions on genetically modified foods, since these genetically modified products have been fully scientifically evaluated prior to being put on the market. In addition, the court found that a member state may formally inform the Commission that it is necessary to take urgent measures, but the Commission does not take relevant action, the country may still take such measures. In addition, as long as the Commission does not pass the decision to request the extension, modification or abrogation of the provisions of genetically modified, they will continue to maintain or update these measures. In such cases, the courts of the Member States have the right to assess the legality of the measures in question.
Although the EU’s attitude towards genetically modified crops is relatively clear, but the Member States have no consensus on the attitude of genetically modified crops. Previously, Greece, Hungary and other countries to MON810 genetically modified corn may damage the environment on the grounds that the ban on the cultivation of such genetically modified crops. The EU Food Safety Authority then evaluated MON810 again and considered that these genetically modified bans were not scientifically sound and unreasonable.
researcher at the Institute of Biotechnology Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences Huang Dafang on surging News (www.thepaper.cn) said that although for various reasons such as politics, the EU countries and some conservative attitude to GM, prohibit the cultivation of genetically modified Corn MON 810. But the EU court this position, once again passed on the scientific sense of genetically modified, and the release of a positive signal. According to the International Agricultural Biotechnology Application Service Organization (ISAAA) published in 2016 the global biotechnology / GM crop development trend report, in 2016, the EU has four countries are planting GM maonda MON810. The four countries are Spain (129081 hectares), Portugal (7069 hectares), Slovakia (138 hectares), Czech Republic (75 hectares), with a total acreage of 136,363 hectares, a significant increase of 17 percent from 11,687 hectares in 2015.