Is the brain still awake after being beheaded?

The picture is a molecular biologist Francis? Crick (Francis Crick) Doctor, he is Nobel laureate, and colleagues discovered the structure of DNA, he is the founder of “surprise hypothesis (The Astonishing Hypothesis)” of The According to foreign media reports, molecular biologists Francis Crick (Francis Crick) and research colleagues found the DNA structure, and later he proposed a “surprise hypothesis (The Astonishing Hypothesis), according to foreign media reports, ” Probably the meaning of this hypothesis that the various aspects of human consciousness, whether it is the deep feelings of the family, or the faith of the pro, or the green experience, are only the brain neural network activity results. As he wrote in 1994: “You are just a bunch of neurons.” According to our experience, chemical substances are called “neurotransmitters,” which produce electrical signals that connect neurons and eventually form neural networks. When we stimulate these networks, we experience the physical and emotional experiences that make up our lives. We store these memories, and when we store their neural networks again, we can remember these memories. This view seems somewhat weird, but it forms the basis of a point of view – that is, the electrical activity of the brain is a detectable trace of our conscious experience. By testing its relevance, as long as we can detect this electrical activity, it is assumed that the person is conscious by detecting brain activity by using techniques similar to EEG (EEG). For this reason, a study by the University of Lattense in the Netherlands in 2011 was so disturbing. It is said that Queen Anne Bolin was decapitated when he wanted to speak (the executioner was holding the sword to cut off their head, not using the guillotine). Researchers often use beheading as one of the euthanized ways of experimental mice. To confirm whether the beheading is humanitarian, the researchers connect the EEG device to the mouse brain, decapitate it, and record the electrical activity of the brain after beheading. Dutch researchers have found that the mouse brain is still generating electrical activity within a period of about 4 seconds after the head and body separation of the mouse, at a frequency of 13-100 Hz, which is related to consciousness and cognition and is defined as ” Thinking of the spirit of thinking process. ” The findings suggest that the brain is still in a state of mind when the mouse is beheaded for a few seconds, and at least the mouse is like that. Although this phenomenon of mice is usually analogous to the human body, but we may never be able to fully know whether a person was beheaded after the existence of consciousness. As Alan Bellows, the author of the research report, pointed out, it is impossible for us to decapitate and further scientific observation. However, scientists have made some very interesting scientific observations on the mouse’s beheading experiment, which suggests that people are likely to remain conscious of the brain after beheading. First of all, let us look at how the history of man was beheaded. Human Beat History For a long time, whether it is outside the jurisdiction of the courts or in the judicial sanctions of the state, cutting the human head from the body is a means of enforcing the death penalty. For example, in the Biblical New Testament, The Assyrian generals of the Western countries, Hollandovney, ordered the siege of the city of Frigia, and a widow named Judith in the city sneaked into the camp of Hollande, The head cut off. Many civilizations in history have used beheading as a means of punishment, but the Romans thought it was a more glorious and respectable way of death, much lighter than the punishment on the cross, and only non-Roman citizens Apply the latter penalty. In the medieval Europe, the ruling class used beheaded penalties to kill the nobility and the peasants. Later in most parts of the world have given up the beheaded penalty, that this way of execution brutal, no humanitarianism. At present, in Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Yemen and Iran and other Middle Eastern countries, beheading is still within the scope of legal sentencing. The beating of beheading is the decapitated tool, and the beatings of the beheaded people, the axes and the sword are the tools of the hand, but they will become blunt and will be affected by the executioner’s physical strength. In some historical and cultural areas, such as: Saudi Arabia, the executioners are professionally trained. Some countries in the history also allow untrained people to act as executioners, the result is that these non-professional executioners will be cut in the neck of the tortured several times in order to cut the head, which means that the death of the torturer is very painful, Torture and die. At the end of the eighteenth century, the guillotine was invented for humanitarian reasons. This tool is not named with the inventor’s name. It is reported that the surgeon Antoine Louis (Antoine Louis) invented the guillotine, and the guillotine of the same name Joseph Joseph Ignatius (Joseph-Ignace Guillotin) is also a doctor, he called for the use of more humane way to prisoners, he Eventually defended the same name device. With the invention of the guillotine, the death penalty can be more effectively enforced, in 1792 France formally adopted and used this behead device. A substantial increase in beheading efficiency, making France into a “period of terror”, during this period, only one year there are more than 30,000 people were sent to the guillotine. Until 1977, France was using the guillotine to carry out the death penalty. In France, “guillotine” is a very terrible penalty device, people mention the guillotine will be scared. Hugo wrote in the first and fourth chapters of the Tragic Worlds: “There is a certain disregard for the death penalty when people do not see the guillotine cruel scene.” But almost since the beginning of the use of the guillotine, many people realized that This is a very accurate beheading tool, the human head was instantly cut off. In France, “guillotine” is a very terrible penalty device, people mention the guillotine will be scared. The process of decapitation The human circulatory system delivers oxygen and other essential particles through the blood to the brain to enable it to perform the necessary functions. But if the brain lacks oxygen or blood, brain function will deteriorate rapidly. This cycle occurs in the closed system, based on a pressurized environment, the blood flow, out of the heart, through the lungs, blood carbon dioxide into the alveoli, oxygen less venous blood into oxygen-rich arteries blood. Cut his head after a can not be revoked way to open the closed system, leading to a comprehensive decline in blood pressure, while the brain blood supply, lack of oxygen. Because the head is cut off in different ways, in some beheading, blood loss and eventually loss of consciousness may take a long time. With an ax or sword in the neck after a few times, you can completely out of the body before the head a lot of blood loss. But the special design of the guillotine can be a cleaner, more rapid way to cut down the prisoner’s head. The guillotine blade and the weight of the guillotine weigh more than 175 pounds (80 kilograms) and quickly cut off the prisoner’s neck from a height of 14 feet (4.3 meters) from the ground. In addition, the blade of the guillotine is aimed at the posterior neck of the torturer, and the head is not splashed to the crowd after being cut off. A wooden shield called a “baffle” will avoid cutting the head around the scroll, but the execution table placed a basket, prisoners cut down after the head will fall into them. This allows the perpetrator to quickly and easily pick up the cut off the head, they just pull the lever, you can cut off the prisoner’s head to retrieve. Usually the executioner will pick up the cut head to show the masses, and sometimes they will make a very disrespectful behavior to the deceased. Charlotte Corday died after such disrespect. In 1793, Charlotte assassinated the French revolutionary leader Jean-Paul Marat, then Charlotte Especially sent to the guillotine. When her head was cut off, the executioner raised her head to show to the masses, and hand beat her cheeks, so that the crowd was surprised that Charlotte’s face was red, and at the same time, Her facial expression appeared “clear anger”. Charlotte is the first recorded in the history of beheaded after the performance of consciousness, but she is not the last one. The figure is a stage show in 1975, the singer Alice Cooper (Alice Cooper) in the guillotine. The meaning of surviving consciousness has been for a long time, people have been opposed to “beheading” this way of execution, some people think that the beheaded face of the action by the control of the lips and eyes of the striated muscle in the body under the action of EEG generated. The same is true for the rest of the body, but the brain is the center of human consciousness, and the brain of the beheaded person will not be traumatized on the clean and agile guillotine, so it may continue to run until the loss of consciousness is eventually lost. A person is beheaded after the brain to keep awake time is controversial topic, we know that the chicken is beheaded after usually take a few seconds. The previously mentioned Dutch mice study showed that the length of this time may be 4 seconds, some small mammals decapitated after the brain to maintain a sober length of up to 29 seconds. In this short period of time, although the brain was removed, but still able to see and hear some things. This is why people are still disturbed after being beheaded, and we feel pain and fear in the moments before death. Many cases show that people are still awakened after the brain remains awake, the most recent example appeared in 1989, a military veteran described that he and a friend suffered a car accident, when the friend’s head and body separation, he was It is hard to forget this scene, although his head is separated from the body, but there is still facial expression changes, first shocked, then panic, and finally fear and sadness. Allegedly, when Charles I and Queen Anne Boleyn were decapitated, they seemed to want to speak (the executioner was holding the sword to cut off their heads, not the guillotine). In 1795, the German researcher Somelin cited some of the contents of the beheaded report: the head of the torturer was cut off, the teeth are still rattling; there are reports that when the doctor check the head with a finger poke When the deceased head vertebrae, he found his face appear “terrible painful expression”. Perhaps the most famous beheading incident was in 1905, where Dr. Rio de Janeiro studied the head of the death penalty, Henri Languille, who, during the 25-30 sec observation time after beheading, Column name, hope he can open his eyes, it is surprising that the cut of the head “undeniably” with the Boli about two times. (Allure)

Article By :

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *