Alkaline hydrolysis of human corpses: human liquefaction smell like steamed clams

According to foreign media reports, for hundreds of years, human corpses have been buried, or cremated, at present, people began to advocate a cleaner, more sensitive body handling – “Alkaline hydrolyzed corpses”. People are beginning to advocate a cleaner, more sensitive body handling approach – “alkaline hydrolytic bodies”. Dean Fisher, head of the donation program at the University of California, is standing in front of the funeral device “Resomator”. Alkaline hydrolysis is the most environmentally friendly body handling method A corner of the house of the University of California, Los Angeles, placed a huge funeral device – “Resomator” (Resonator), although the environment here as sterile as the hospital, But all the patients have died. Under the care of Dean Fisher, director of the donation program at David Geffen College of Medicine, these bodies entered the final countdown stage. In Fischer’s alkaline hydrolysis machine, the corpses are wrapped in orders, they will become liquid and pure white bones, then these bones were crushed, sprinkled to the Marine Corps base near the Pendleton camp. These human ashes are floating in the sea, and then gradually dispersed, because pure calcium phosphate can not sink into the water. From the Coast Guard’s helicopter, it is like the drug lords are washing the hiding drugs. The Lisma Mata device emits a low buzz, like a lawn mower in the garden, waiting for a milled body to be placed in a blue plastic container, with numbers and identification cards on each corpse that mark the identity of the deceased. It is reported that since March 2012, Fisher is operating the machine device, Lethoma is a kind of environment-friendly funeral device, the use of chemical methods to quickly break down the body, the way to effectively reduce the release of harmful gases cremation Pollute the atmosphere. The device in the United States only three, the current funeral in California has not yet achieved legalization. Fisher removed the stainless steel panel of the unit and exposed the working principle. All the tubes and mechanical parts were neatly arranged, and the human body was put into it through a structure similar to that of a British nuclear submarine circular steel door. The figure is the human skeleton after being treated by alkaline hydrolysis. In the picture, Fisher’s assistant, Alex Rodriguez, is disinfecting the funeral device. Fisher on the device high pressure chamber work was introduced, potassium hydroxide and water mixed heating to 150 degrees Celsius, this time a biochemical reaction, the body of the meat gradually melt from the bones. For up to 4 hours, the strong base solution causes all corpse parts to break down into original ingredients such as sugars, salts, peptides and amino acids. DNA is decompressed into bases, cytosine, guanine, xanthine and thymine, the body becomes fertilizer and soap, a sterile liquid that looks like a pale tea. The liquid enters the other corner of the room through the pipe and is cooled and then sent to an acceptable pH water purification plant, which eventually releases into the sewer. Fisher pointed out that if the smell unbearable, I went out to walk, but in fact not so terrible, after the body liquefaction, smell like steamed clams. Perhaps this is the best way to deal with the future of the body. Burials and burials Burieds and cremations are the most common way of dealing with human corpses and have not changed fundamentally for centuries. In the United States during the civil war popular anti-corruption law, which is a violation of the human body of violence, blood through the anti-corrosion fluid by the vascular system was pumped out, without any treatment was discharged into the sewer. In addition, 9 liters of pink formaldehyde, carcinogens containing formalin and a variety of other chemical substances are also discharged. In the burial the body of the deceased was buried underground, although the decomposition time will be delayed, but the pollution is inevitable. In the first year, about half of the chemical substance will penetrate the surrounding soil, with the body rot, the death of the body left after the chemotherapy drugs will continue to penetrate the underground environment. It is reported that in 2015, the Northern Ireland cemetery was flooded, buried in the body of chemical substances dissolved into the groundwater, the nearby residents of the safety and health posed a threat. In the United States alone, more than 3 million liters of antiseptic fluid is buried every year. Lead quality coffins may prevent chemical exudation, but the lack of oxygen will turn the body into a “black soup”. Like the Highgate tomb area, the government announces that visitors do not rely on the coffins of the underground tombs to prevent visitors from destroying the integrity of the coffin structure, resulting in the body “black soup” overflowing. 75% of the dead in the UK were cremated, but few asked about the situation. They do not know that during the cremation of the corpse, the cremation operator opens the door of the incinerator and uses a rake to hook the body skeleton and move it to ensure that the entire body is covered with flames. At the same time, few people know that despite the cremation of the operator to make the greatest efforts, but in the distillation room (dead body burning chamber) brick left on the dust, so the body cross-contamination is inevitable. Caitlin Doughty runs a nonprofit funeral institution, Undertaking LA, at Santa Monica Boulevard, who reviewed his experience at the crematorium in his memoir “Smoke filled your eyes” The Through her series of speeches, she launched a mild war to the industry trying to get us closer and understand the death of mankind. In the years of dealing with the corpse, she thought that cremating the body was not the ultimate solution to the problem. She said: “We will die to their loved ones sent to these frightening industrial warehouse, their bodies burned in the raging fire, it is so cruel!” Dowtie told me, in addition to burial and cremation, the best way to deal with the future Is alkaline hydrolysis. This is legal in the UK, but the advocates of the funeral industry are lobbying that they believe that alkaline hydrolysis of corpse treatment is more effective and environmentally friendly for the environment, at present, the United States 14State and Canada 3 provinces are legal for alkaline hydrolysis of the body. The role of the skull is to protect the brain, making it the hardest part of the body, but in the alkaline hydrolysis process, the skull is the most difficult part of the body to deal with. The figure is alkaline hydrolysis method to deal with the body of the skeleton powder, the future of the deceased family can sprinkle the sea. The development of alkaline hydrolysis method Dodi said that devices like “Resomator” would have a huge impact on our death experience, and they could be installed in clean, bright, well-designed spaces without any Cremation of heat and noise, we must do better in designing death. One afternoon, Sandy Sullivan sat in a London deserted bar, explaining how to change the funeral industry by eradicating mad cow disease. He said he did not like to tell other people what they are doing, only that their main job is to dissolve the human body. It is reported that between 1988 and 1998, the prevalence of mad cow disease in the United Kingdom led to 4.4 million cattle were slaughtered, these mad cow bodies were burned, the body piled in the fields they had eaten. If your residence is closer to here, you will smell an unpleasant smell in the room. The flame burns the bones, and in order to ensure full safety, the staff will burn the bovine bones buried in the landfill, but this still can not destroy the prion. Ultimately, in 2006, the European Parliament passed a new animal carcass treatment method – alkaline hydrolysis. At that time, Sullivan in a company called “WR2” to work, mainly to sell the body of the body to dissolve the cow. Founded in the mid-1990s, the company was founded by two professors at Albany School of Medicine, who have patented a technology for dealing with contaminated animals, when contaminated animals are radioactive rabbits. Gordon Kaye is committed to cancer research, and he is frustrated by the $ 300 fee to handle a radiant rabbit, and his colleague Peter Weber offers a solution. Biochemists such as Weber are always analyzing amino acids by hydrolyzing proteins, one of which is alkaline hydrolysis – using potassium hydroxide or sodium hydroxide, also known as lye, but few people use it Because it is an attempt by scientists to analyze the destructive effects of lye on amino acids. Kay and Weber started the experiment. The tools they chose were the old pots in the university kitchen. They had a sheep stuffed into the pot, filled with water and potassium hydroxide, and then boiled water, but they soon found fat And lye will form soap, so when using potassium hydroxide boiled sheep, the laboratory floor is also covered with soap bubbles. In 1994, the professors applied for a patent and created a company, they placed a huge stainless steel pressure vessel, like a double bus as large, you can put a large number of livestock corpses into them, clean and effectively dissolve the body. Sullivan worked during WR2’s efforts to promote the business to deal with human corpses. In 1995, the company built a machine at the request of the University of Florida, Shangzi Hospital to facilitate the handling of multiple medical procedures in a single cycle Corpse. In 1998, Joe Wilson, WR2’s new president and chief executive officer, made a unique human body handling machine, but for the funeral industry it was a very radical idea, so it was still In the warehouse of the factory. A photo shows that Wilson stood inside the machine, wearing a baseball cap, wearing a plaid shirt, and he was measuring the size of the steel coffin. “I started attending the cremation meeting and conducted some market surveys because it had an inherent environmental and low operating costs from an energy perspective, so it seemed to be a funeral industry.” The company received a phone call from Dean Fisher, director of the anatomical donation department at the Mayo Clinic in Minnesota, where he asked for a machine that would handle human corpses. According to Fisher’s request, the company began to build the machine, 17 days after the delivery, followed by WR2 company announced bankruptcy, no longer accept any orders. WR2 did not fail because the medical market had little demand for the machine, and the founders of the company, Kay and Weber, thought they were bad businessmen and eventually returned to the lab. Wilson decided to set up his own company to sell the machine to the livestock and veterinary industry. At that time, at the end of 2006, the Mayo Clinic had a machine to dissolve the body, but there was no operational explanation, and Sullivan found a new opportunity. The machine was not Fisher’s imagination, and he and a colleague attended the National Anatomy Committee meeting in Florida and visited the university’s lab. They were brought to a house that was far from the dock, and there was a huge corpse processing machine at Shangzhe Hospital, which was made by WR2. The staff stuffed the body into the nylon bag, hung them on the next rope, and then dissolved five bodies at a time. The bones of the body are separate, but the liquid is still sputtered in the middle of the body. “We thought it was a bit disgusting, and after this machine we saw the ‘finished product’, they were different from the ordinary crematorium gray cat fecal boulders.” Fisher said: “It will be on the human Social benefits, help protect the environment, and improve the industry’s backward industry. “He asked WR2 to design a personal version of the Resomator, which could be placed horizontally with a pallet in the middle, Body lying flat. But when the WR2 company designed the machine delivery, this machine is unable to work. Fisher said that we started the machine, run for some time, opened the door but saw the semi completed body. Then I covered my eyes with my hands, and hurriedly shut the door, and you will see the meat still on the corpse,Some bones are also exposed, but most of the bodies are so disgusting and bad. We have repeatedly started three times, this situation lasted about 1 month, we simply do not know how to operate it, and ultimately had to cremate the crematorium again. Even now Fisher mentioned the matter still feel disappointed and sad, Fisher did not smile on his face. When Sullivan called him, Fisher was sitting in a sporting goods store, he heard Sullivan said Glasgow accent, unable to understand his meaning, then hung up the phone. Skull treatment is the most difficult to deal with human corpses, the skull disposal is more difficult, skull structure in order to protect the brain, evolved very perfect. In addition to the eye socket and skull below, the flame can not enter the skull inside, the liquid can not enter them. At the crematorium, the flames shot from the height, the skull was exploded, or operated by a crematorium with a long-handled rake. But at the end of the alkaline hydrolysis cycle, all the meat on the body is dissolved in the skeleton, the brain is still retained in the skull. It is not troublesome for the Mayo Clinic, because most of the bodies are skulled for teaching purposes, but if Sullivan wants to change the industry, he can not ask the funeral host to cut the deceased’s skull open. When he finally got on the phone from Fisher, explaining that he had worked at WR2 and plans to commercialize the idea of ​​alkaline hydrolysis of human corpses, Sullivan promised to repair the idle machine in Fisher’s lab. Then they experimented to solve the problem of handling the skull and tried to push the alkaline hydrolysis method to the commercial market. Sullivan and Fisher together designed a cage, the body of the head fixed in a place, so that the liquid vortex will put pressure on the skull, it is like an egg open. This is the most dignified way to deal with the remains of the human body, for Sullivan speaking, dignity is the most important. He said: “This is not the euphemism of the funeral industry, but because of his true meaning is ‘burial’, not ‘grave’.” Sullivan worried that the competitor’s company was doing too badly and insecure But also worried that people will be their competitors to work with his way confused, resulting in technical retreat for decades. Wilson decided to follow the practice of Sullivan, from 1998 to reconsider his idea, this is a machine for the individual. First, the body head into the machine, and use the crank to tilt the jar, so that the weight of the body pressure at the top of the skull point, when the head is crushed, the body began to dissolve , Feet will slip into the solution. Therefore, you can not accurately determine when the body into the solution, and whether there is sufficient time to disappear in the solution. At present, the bio-response solution has sold about 100 alkaline hydrolysis machines, including veterinary colleges and pet cremators, and the company’s body handling machine is 5 times the sales volume of “Resomator”. Wilson said that after Sullivan refused to do the home business funeral home affordable low-end machine, he entered the field of human corpse hydrolysis. He said his company is “funeral industry Ford”, and Sullivan created the industry “BMW”. (Allure)

Article By :

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *