Sina Technology News September 9 afternoon news, 2017 future science awards press conference held today. And announced the list of future science awards. China University of Science and Technology Pan Jianwei, with its creative contribution in quantum optics, makes the secure communication based on quantum key distribution possible. Obtained the “Material Science Award”, Tsinghua University Shi Yigong because of its analysis of eukaryotic messenger RNA splicing Body of this key complex structure, revealing the active site and molecular level mechanism of the significant contribution to the “Life Science Award”. The “Mathematics and Computer Science Award” presented for the first time this year was awarded to Peking University Xu Chenyang, an extremely profound contribution made by dual rational algebraic geometry.
Quantum interference, linear optical quantum logic operation, the use of fiber-based and trusted relay quantum key distribution to achieve the metro and inter-city range of secure quantum communication, based on satellite and free space platform quantum key distribution to achieve intercontinental scale Of practical quantum communication. These developments will eventually lead to a practical quantum network connecting China and every corner of the world. Communication security is the goal that people have been pursuing for thousands of years. In modern society, including business and finance, military and national security, many areas rely on communication security. The current encryption methods such as RSA and SHA communication protocols are faced with threats from quantum computers. On the other hand, the quantum key distribution based on the basic principles of quantum mechanics provides an unconditionally secure encryption method, thus providing an ultimate means of secure communication. Pan’s work makes China the world leader in quantum communications. His team first in 2009 in Hefei, Jinan in 2012 using fiber to achieve the city’s quantum communication network. In 2016, they used fiber to build the world’s longest (more than 2,000 km) quantum link between Beijing and Shanghai, and to overcome the attenuation of fragile quantum signals through more than a dozen trusted relay stations. In order to overcome the security vulnerabilities caused by imperfect single photon sources and detectors, Pan Jianwei team developed the decoyed quantum key distribution and independent quantum photonics-based measurement equipment independent quantum key distribution, making the practical application of quantum communication possible. The team also pioneered the development of quantum relay technologies, including entanglement and entanglement purification, quantum storage and phase stabilization, to eventually replace these trusted relays. Pan’s development of multi-photon interference in these technologies once again play a key role. Pan Jianwei team also successfully achieved the world’s first satellite and the ground between the two-way quantum link, so that the star between the quantum key distribution can be more than 1000 km, into the code rate of more than 1kbps. This is a high-precision quantum optical control experiment that is achieved for the first time under extreme conditions (atmospheric turbulence, strong vibration, strong temperature difference, cosmic ray, etc.). In addition, the team has high spatial resolution ability, high sensitivity detection technology for single photon in strong background, and high precision aiming, capturing and tracking technology, making free space quantum communication based on satellite platform possible. “Life Science Award” winner Shi Yigong in the analysis of eukaryotic messenger RNA splicing body of this key complex structure, revealing the active site and molecular level mechanism to make a significant contribution. The central law of molecular biology is: genetic information from DNA to RNA to protein. The genes of all eukaryotes from yeast to human beings contain exons and introns, which are DNA sequences that encode proteins that do not contain protein-encoded information. DNA cleavage of the precursor information RNA, the splice cleaves the intron, thus obtaining a mature messenger RNA, which translates the genetic information into the amino acid sequence of the protein it encodes. RNA splicing abnormalities can lead to a variety of human diseases. However, before the study of Dr. Shi Yigong, the near-atomic resolution structure of the splice was not elucidated. In addition to the previous research on the biochemistry and structural biology of splicing bodies, Dr. Shi Yigong first analyzed the results of near-atomic resolution of eukaryotic splice, and the first revealed The active site, greatly promoted our understanding of the splice complex [1,2]. In addition, Dr. Shi Yigong analyzed the structure of the three important intermediate transitional complexes of the splicing process [3-6], which shows the important reconstruction and structural basis of the splicing function. Shi Yigong Laboratory also reported the atomic resolution structure of human splicing bodies . Based on the contributions of scientists such as Dr. Reinhard Lührmann of the German Institute of Biophysical Chemistry at the Max Planck Institute for Biophysics and the Kiyoshi Nagai of the British Molecular Biology Laboratory, the structure of the Shi-Gong Laboratory has led us to understand the mechanism of the splicing process. The treatment of splice-related human diseases provides a structural framework. Xu Chenyang, the winner of the “Mathematical and Computer Science Award”, made an extremely profound contribution to algebraic geometry, especially in the dual rational geometry and singularity and its dual complex topology. Xu Chenyang and C. Hacon and J. McKernan’s cooperative research developed a boundedness theory of generalized space order pairs with logarithmic structures. One of the main applications of this theory is to prove the finite of the automorphism of general algebraic clusters. This greatly advanced the classical results of Hurwitz’s algebraic curves over a hundred years ago with the work of the supernatural surface of the eighties in the 1980s. Other important applications of this theory include the complete solution of Shokurov’s ACC conjecture, as well as the promotion of Deligne-Mumford’s stability curve theory at any dimension. Xu Chenyang, in cooperation with Li Chi, established a theoretical framework for studying the K-stability of Fano algebraic clusters with a minimal model program, which can be used to deal with K-stabilityThe problem is attributed to the study of special test configurations. Xu Chenyang and C. In a paper by Hacon, it is shown that there are multiple theta tumbling operations (where p is a prime number greater than five) on a three-dimensional algebraic cluster with a characteristic p, and the work of the Japanese mathematician is emphasized. In conjunction with J. In the cooperation of Kollar, Xu Chenyang developed the theory of duality model with minimal model program. In particular, they studied the dual complex of Calabi-Yau order pairs with logarithmic structures, and proved the finite properties of their basic groups. Solved the Kontsevich-Soibelman conjecture in the case of no more than four times the dimension. Professor Xu Chenyang developed a very considerable theory and breakthrough technology to solve a series of algebraic geometry in many different areas of important geometric problems, get a high degree of international peer evaluation, while algebraic geometry in China’s development has made a significant contribution The Pan Jianwei, born in 1970 in Zhejiang, China. In 1999, he received his Ph.D. from the University of Vienna in Austria. Now Professor of China University of Science and Technology. Shi Yigong, born in Henan, China in 1967, received a doctorate from Johns Hopkins University in the United States in 1995. Tsinghua University is now a professor, vice president of Tsinghua University. Xu Chenyang, born in Chongqing, China in 1981, received his Ph.D. degree from Princeton University in the United States in 2008. Is now the Beijing International Mathematical Research Center Professor Burson-Marsteller. As China’s first civil-sponsored science award, the Future Science Award emphasizes the award of scientists who are mainly engaged in the Greater China region, the most influential, time-tested original scientific research work, regardless of their nationality, gender and age. In promoting the Greater China region basic science research, attracting global scientific and technological personnel, promote the development of scientific undertakings. The future science prize also hopes that through this incentive demonstration effect, to stimulate the community’s love of science, respect for scientists, the cutting edge of science and technology to enhance the quality of Chinese citizenship. The future science prize review system mainly refers to the Nobel Prize. The Scientific Committee recommends international experts as nominees. After the candidate has been created, experts from relevant fields around the world are invited to evaluate the work of the candidate. The Scientist Committee will vote on the evaluation result. And asked Tsinghua University Law School Gao Xiqing and KPMG formed a regulatory committee to oversee the entire evaluation process. The Association of Scientists is composed of 15 well-known scientists, including Ding Hong, University of Chicago Hechuan, Stanford University, Li Feifei, Princeton University, Li Kai, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Stanford University, Luo Liqun, Li Zhengdao Institute, University Rao Yi, Beijing University Tian Gang, Beijing Institute of Life Sciences Wang Xiaodong, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Wen Xiaogang, Northwestern University Xia Zhihong, Harvard University Xie Xiaoliang, University of California at Berkeley Yang Peidong, and the United States Scripps Institute Yu Jinquan. The prize for the future science prize is 6.8 million yuan (about one million dollars), each prize donated by four donors: “Life Science Award” donor for Ding Jian, Li Yanhong, Shen Nanpeng, Zhang Lei; Material Science Award “donor for Deng Feng, Wu Yajun, Wu Ying, Xu Xiaoping;” Mathematics and Computer Science Award “donor for Ding Lei, Jiang Nanchun, Ma Huateng, Wang Qiang. The first prize in 2016, the future science award presented a total of “Material Science Award” and “Life Science Award” two awards. Material Science Award awarded Tsinghua University Xue Qikun, rewarded him in the use of molecular beam epitaxy technology to find quantum anomaly Hall effect and single-layer ferro-selenium superconductivity and other novel quantum effects made pioneering work. Life Science Award was awarded to the Chinese University of Hong Kong Lu Yuming, reward him based on the presence of fetal blood in pregnant women found in the non-invasive prenatal fetal genetic testing made a pioneering contribution. 2017 Future Science Awards will be held on October 29 at the awards ceremony in Beijing as part of the two-day future forum annual meeting. More than 40 of the world’s top scientists with great influence are attending the testimonials and will present a topnote on cutting-edge science and future prospects at the previous day’s future forum. The future forum will have a total of 14 symposium topics, including future computing, brain science, new energy, genetic technology.